TABLE 2.

Interview Guidelines as Applied in the Study

OpeningLeading discussion. “The topic is cherishing music in the mind.” “Since when has the piece been in your life?” “When you imaginatively hear the piece in your head, what triggers this experience?” “Where in the piece might the experience begin?”
Elicitation InterviewFocusing and establishing contact with the experience. “Hey, let us allow the music to come to this situation. Listen to it for a while in your mind at your leisure, and tell me then what you heard and experienced.”
Deepening the contact with the experience (synchronic aspects):
  • –Open questions concerning the qualities of the experience: “What was the experience like?”, “How does it happen?”

  • –Empty follow-up questions, referring to experiences already mentioned by the participant: e.g., “When you [experience this], what is it that you [experience]?”

  • –Specification after repeated listening: “You said that [you experienced X]. Could you listen to that passage again and tell me what happens when [you experience X]?”

Assisting the participant by references to other senses (synchronic aspects):
  • –Suggesting various alternative kinds of description. Basic question: “Were there any experiences of motion, bodily sensations, or visual images?”

  • –Particularizing the experience (e.g., “What do you see around you?”, “How do you feel?”, “Is it hot or cold?”, “Is it light or dark?”).

Temporal folding-out (diachronic aspects): Asking to listen to the entry into the passage previously described and/or to the continuation of the experience from there.
ClosingIndexing and clarifying the temporal structure of the experience: Listening together to the original sound recording and having the interviewee indicate musical passages that would correspond to the experiences described.