This study uses a corpus of excerpts from eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century string quartets to examine how four acoustic cues—onset and offset synchrony, pitch comodulation, and spectral overlap—help to afford the perception of auditory streams. Two types of streams are dealt with: textural streams, which house individual string parts or groups of them that function as single musical units; and music streams, which typically house the music as a whole and distinguish it from other simultaneous sounds of music. The corpus contained real excerpts from classical string quartets as well as synthesized excerpts in which lines from two different quartets were combined. Both the author and ten survey respondents analyzed the corpus, identifying likely textural streams. Each of the four acoustic cues was modeled computationally, in order to assess its prevalence in textural and music streams found in the corpus. The results suggested that some cues are more important than others in establishing textural streams, music streams, or both.
- auditory stream segregation
- hierarchical stream segregation
- pitch comodulation
- spectral overlap
- Received October 12, 2012.
- Accepted February 18, 2013.
- © 2013 by The Regents of the University of California